Cabin Filter and Air Filter what is the difference? Are you wondering why is your car suddenly chocking when you let your weight on the gas pedal? And what’s with that strange odor in your car every morning? Also, windows tend to get foggy quite a lot, for some reason.
If any of the above sound familiar, then it’s probably time to check and replace your car’s air and cabin filter. Let’s have a look at both of them and see what it’s all about and why you should often replace cabin and air filters.
Air filter lets your car breathe
In order to run, an engine needs two main elements: air and fuel. Mixed together and then ignited, these two generate mechanical power through combustion. Here’s the thing: outside air isn’t just oxygen, and any other impurities will reduce the efficiency of the burn inside the engine.
This is where your car’s air filter comes into play. Its pores are large enough to allow air molecules to go by unharmed but small enough to catch most of the dust and debris. Impurities get stuck into the air filter so they don’t go through the intake and reduce combustion efficiency.
However, as it accumulates dirt and dust, an air filter becomes less efficient at letting clean air going through – it gets clogged like a drain pipe. If you feel like your car is not properly responding to acceleration, the reason might be a clogged air filter. Your car is suffocating, and you need to get her to breathe. Buy a new air filter and replace it either at home or in a professional service unit. Then, fresh air will reach the engine and really spin the wheels forward.
Cabin filter let you breathe
If the air filter allows your car to breathe, cabin filters make sure you also get a fresh air charge. Think about it this way; the inside of a vehicle is a rather sealed environment, and unless you keep windows down, there’s little fresh air getting in.
Usually, fresh air is drawn from the front of the vehicle. However, since it first passes directly through or near the engine bay, air tends to catch various smells or get cluttered with dust. A quality cabin air filter stops dust from reaching the inside of the cabin and setting on shiny surfaces while letting fresh air reach your lungs.
Similar to a combustion air filter, a cabin filter will also get clogged with time and won’t be as effective in stopping odors and dust from reaching your car’s cabin. Another annoying effect of a cluttered cabin filter is that, since less air gets inside, windows will tend to be a lot foggier, especially during the cold seasons. This could affect road visibility and make you less secure on the road.
Replace your cabin or engine air filter with a compatible one as soon as you notice any of the effects mentioned above. Air filters are some of the least expensive car parts you can get. This is why you can ensure fresh air for you and your car without making a whole in your budget.
You get to your car ready to face the road ahead to work or just for a casual drive. You put the key in the ignition, turn it, but nothing happens. Or, the engine cranks but doesn’t for the love of God, start. What is there to be done? First of all, these are the signs of ignition problems.
Let’s go together through a series of car ignition problems, how to diagnose and how to do ignition repairs on your car. We will look at the most common ignition problems of today’s cars and give a brief insight on how to fix them.
Engine won’t crank
If you turn the key in ignition and engine doesn’t crank – no sound comes from under the hood, the issue is most likely coming from two places:
- The battery is dead
- The starter motor is faulty
To check whether the battery is dead, get a multimeter and connect its ends to each pole of the battery. If the voltage is lower than 9V, then you are most likely needed to replace the battery. Make sure to choose a car battery that has enough CCA (cold cranking amps) to get the car started properly. Another way to check whether the battery is dead is to try starting your CD player or headlights. If the CD player doesn’t start or the headlights don’t turn on, again, the battery is most likely at fault.
The starter motor is the part that actually cranks your engine to allow it to start its 4-stroke cycle. If the start motor is at fault, it will usually not crank at all, only giving out short metallic clicks. While on older models, starter motors can be repaired by auto professionals, it is better to replace it with a functional component.
Engine cranks very slowly
When the engine cranks so slowly that you can count the revolutions, it does by hearing the sound, the battery is probably at a low voltage. This happens when you forget to turn off the lights or when the battery discharges because of wear.
In the first case, just jumpstart it using cables and let it idle for a few dozen minutes so it will recharge. Otherwise, a worn battery must be replaced adequately.
Engine cranks but won’t start
There are cases when the engine will crank just fine but will fail to actually start. In this situation, it is most likely that the starter and the battery are NOT at fault. Instead, the spark plug ignition system may cause the engine not to start. Here’s what can happen.
First of all, power might not reach the distributor cap. The wire between the battery and the distributor may be seized, cut, or the connection might have come loose. Replacing the cable is the solution in this case.
If the cable’s good, then you might want to check the spark plug wires that go from the distributor cap to the spark plugs. However, the engine is likely to start if just one or two cables are malfunctioning, but will idle roughly and might also stop after a brief period of time.
Most modern vehicles come with an anti-theft mechanism that won’t let the engine start if you are using the wrong key or try to bypass the starting mechanism. There is a magnetic coil around the ignition hub that reads the data from a chip inside the OEM key of the car and compares it to the value stored in the ECU. If the data doesn’t match, the engine will crank but won’t start.
Sometimes, due to corrosion or major deposits on the magnetic coil, it might fail to detect the chip and thus prohibit the engine from starting even though you are using the right key. In such cases, the coil needs to be replaced and the key chip reprogrammed.
Given the above situations, you should now be able to quickly identify possible causes of your car’s ignition system not working properly. Don’t forget to ask for specialized help when dealing with electric current, to avoid injuries or further damage to your car.
There is so much going on beneath the hood when a car is running. Everywhere, something’s moving, vibrating, heating up or cooling down. To sum it up really fast, this is what happens: the engine sucks fuel from the tank, mixes it with air, ignites it and uses the explosion to create movement.
However, burning fuel generates heat. Usually, engines require a certain temperature to function properly, but what does it do with the extra heat? This is where the cooling system comes into action.
The inner workings of the cooling system
The overall cooling system scheme is not awfully complicated. Still, it does one of the most important supporting jobs for the engine. A basic car cooling system uses a pump to circulate fluid through the engine and then to the front radiator. The fluid takes on heat from the engine and exchanges it in the radiator.
You should also thank your cooling system for not having to freeze while you’re driving through the cold winter months. When you turn the heat on in your car, part of the cooling fluid travels to the interior radiator, bringing on heat collected from the engine. From there, an electric fan pushes it through the dashboard vents.
Taking care of your car’s cooling system
Just like any mechanical system, your car’s cooling system may cease to function properly. And without a doubt, this is the last thing you want to happen, especially when travelling long distances. Cooling system malfunctioning leads to engine overheating – not only that the engine won’t work at its best, but it also drastically increases chances of getting blown head gaskets and cylinder leaks. These things take a lot of time and money to fix, so it’s best to fix and maintain your car’s cooling system periodically.
There are two very common issues that can cause a cooling system to malfunction: leaks and clogging.
Leaks are best diagnosed by a dropping level of cooling fluid in the tank. If the fluid drops overnight or after driving for a while, there’s probably a leak somewhere on the installation. Finding the leak may be difficult if it is really small (like a pore), so you may need to check in with an auto repair shop. Usually, the issue is solved by replacing the hose causing the leak. You should avoid using crack plugging solutions found on the market; not that they usually don’t work, but may also clog the whole system.
In more severe cases, it’s the radiator or the head gasket that allows coolant to leak out. While replacing your radiator is doable with a bit of experience and proper tools, head gasket replacement should only be done by a professional.
On the other hand, a clogged cooling system won’t allow proper heat transfer, overheating the engine. Clogged systems are usually the result of improper maintenance or bad seals. It’s important to flush your cooling system once in a while, according to your car’s manufacturer instructions. This way, deposits won’t accumulate enough to create a blockage.
On a final note, always remember to use proper coolant recommended by the manufacturer for optimum results and engine performance.
Check Your Car Air Conditioner
With summer just around the corner, we’re all getting ready for extremely hot temperatures and great weather. You may be ready for summer, having waited for it all year long, but is your car ready? There’s nothing worse than driving without air conditioning in the middle of a hot summer’s day. It’s not just inconvenient and unpleasant, but borderline unbearable and dangerous as well. The threat of heat exertion is real, and having a fully functioning A/C is a must. There are a couple of ways you can make sure your car air conditioner keeps blowing cold air throughout the entire summer, and we’re going to show what steps you should take to ensure it stays that way.
Checking the System
Obviously, the best way of determining whether your Car Air Conditioner works or not is to turn the knob to cold and blast it on full. If it works as intended, it will start cooling the entire cabin within a matter of seconds. If it takes minutes for it to start cooling the car, or if it doesn’t blow cold air at all, you have a faulty air conditioning system on your hands. Don’t worry though, chances are fixing it is easier and less expensive than you might think.
Topping on Refrigerant
You see, the air condition system uses a special refrigerant known as Freon to cool the car. With time and usage, it will deplete and you will need to top it off. However, that’s not something you can do at home. It’s not a DIY job, so you will have to take it to an expert or a mechanic/service shop. Using special equipment they will check the refrigerant level and suggest topping it off if it’s necessary. A good car air conditioner service shop will perform the procedure at an affordable cost, getting you back on the road with a fully-working A/C unit in no time.
If refilling up on refrigerant didn’t help, there are several other things you should look at. For starters, you’ll want to have the condenser cleaner. Residue and dirt can accumulate, obstructing airflow and sometimes completely blocking it. Next, you can check and clean the filter. Just like the condenser it can get clogged up as well, so performing regular maintenance is crucial. If it’s too clogged up, you will need to replace it with a brand new one. Last but not least, you want to check the system for leaks if all else fails. Even the tiniest of leaks can cause the entire A/C system to malfunction. If there is a leak, you’ll need to take it to a specialist and have it fixed. The great thing is that air condition repair is relatively simple and cheap in most cases, especially compared to your regular maintenance procedures.
Recognizing Transmission Problems
Transmission Problems – The first step in solving transmission issues is diagnosing the actual issues. Luckily, transmissions are an extremely vital car component and will usually give clear indicators that there’s something wrong. Recognizing the earliest symptoms of transmission troubles can save you a lot of money and time. You can avoid an inconvenient breakdown or having to purchase an entire replacement transmission altogether. Here are the most common tell-tale signs that the transmission might be on its way out, as well as tips on what you should do.
Check Engine Light
Although it can be caused by a lot of things, the check engine light usually lights up only when something needs more urgent checking. Newer cars have a ton of sensors and it may be something as simple as a sensor malfunction, but it’s better to not risk it. If operational, sensors can tell you a component is on its way out long before you can even hear or see the issue.
Whether it’s an automatic or a manual, you’ll start noticing an erratic increase/decrease in rpms when shifting gears. This is known as hesitation. The car might be reluctant to enter a certain gear or will be extremely difficult to pull out of a gear. Automatics will experience more issues when in neutral or park.
The transmission needs fluid to operate correctly, just like the engine. Although it’s not regular maintenance, check your manufacturer’s recommended transmission service and perform it if it hasn’t been done in a long time. Checking the fluid pump, the filter and the actual trans fluid will ensure your transmission stays reliable if it’s properly operational. If you notice fluids dripping off the transmission case, it’s probably experiencing fairly major issues.
If you can hear strange noises like grinding, whining, buzzing, shaking and clunking, and are sure it’s not your fault, then it’s probably a transmission on its way out. Avoid driving the car and tow it to a mechanic as there is a chance that the transmission can be salvaged and rebuilt, saving you the effort and cost of buying a new one from a transmission shop.
If you can sense a burning smell it’s time to take immediate action. Differentiating between a burnt clutch and an overheated transmission is difficult, but a burnt clutch will be usually accompanied by white smoke. In the case of the transmission, there’s no smoke involved. If your transmission has overheated, it’s probably because it’s lacking fluid or the one that’s already in there is old and can’t do its job properly. Either way, sort it out right away or risk braking the transmission altogether.
What To Do Next
Take your car to a mechanic or a transmission shop who can perform a detailed transmission inspection for your transmission problems. He’ll tell you whether you need a new transmission or if the current one can be fixed. Remember to regularly flush and replace your transmission fluid (once every 35,000 miles), and be wary of the tell-tale signs to avoid complete transmission failure.
Advantages of buying a Porsche
Porsche is a company which doesn’t like to joke around. They approach every issue with a no-nonsense mindset. You either get it right, or don’t bother doing it at all. If it’s worth doing, it’s worth overdoing. Following these simple ideas but hard to introduce concepts, Porsche became one of the best manufacturers the world has ever seen. There might be a few reasons why you should choose an Audi or a BMW, but there are a dozen more why a Porsche is the ideal vehicle.
When Porsche decides to do something, such as introduce a new model or facelift an aging one, they go all out on it. No expenses spared. They address the issues as per the community’s feedback, as well as countess miles upon miles of testing. Every model is a leader or at least a top 3 contented in its respective segment. Just stop and think about it for a moment. The 911 is the ultimate, everyday supercar which is a perfect track-day car if you go for the GT3 variant, the Cayenne and Macan cover the luxury SUV segment and you have the Panamera monstering every other luxury car. Audi and BMW may have invented the automotive niches, but Porsche dominates them entirely.
True to their roots
While most manufacturers went out of their way to change their morals and principles for the sake of profit, Porsche stayed true to theirs despite the fact that the start was a bit shaky to say the least. The first couple of 911 generations were hard to control, with many people having doubts the first-gen would even make it into production the moment they heard it would have an engine placed behind the rear axle. Porsche persevered with the idea and eventually gave us the most well-known sportscar of all time, the 911.
A brand like no other
Once you drive your first Porsche, there’s no going back. If you don’t own one, your first immediate thoughts revolve around acquiring said Porsche. There’s just no other feeling like it. The looks, the performance, the luxury, and the plain fact that it’s a Porsche, one of the most iconic brands the world has ever seen. You get totally hooked, and there’s nothing you can do about it.
Then we get to the best part: the performance. Quite how Porsche manages to make the 911 work is beyond everyone’s scope. With a rear-mounted engine, it should be only good in a straight-line, but the truth couldn’t be further from that. It corners like it’son rails, despite fact that there should, in theory, be less weight over the front and the fact that the rear should act like a pendulum. But it doesn’t. It’s the same with the Cayenne, and the Panamera, and every other model. And don’t get us even started on the amazing flat-six “Boxer” engines it traditionally uses. All in all, the best cars you can buy, no matter which model you go for.
Mercedes Benz Buying Guide
There are many pros as to why you might choose a German-made vehicle over a Japanese one, or an American, or even a Korean. But there are even more advantages of choosing a Mercedes Benz, and that’s compared to its German rivals. We’ve compiled the top ones in this article, showcasing why they’re often considered the best car manufacturer in the world.
Right off the bat, there’s the matter of brand image and quality. Nothing wrong with owning a Hyundai for example, but if you say you own a Hyundai, you then have to follow it up with what model it is, why you chose it and so on. You’re basically explaining yourself. With a Mercedes, the company name alone speaks in volumes of its quality. Each of their models is the respective leader in their own segments when it comes to brand distinction and recognition. Mercedes’ rich history and heritage means their vehicles are the most recognizable ones on the road today. You don’t mistake that three-pointed star for anything else.
Pick a Mercedes from an era. Any era. Chances are it’s one of the most beautiful cars in its respective time period. We’re not talking aggressive, striking or even offensive. No, we’re talking about a handsome, elegant look which is as dignified as a car can get. It’s understated beauty mixed with an undefined aura and character unique to Mercedes Benz alone.
Luxury and Technology
You want to talk about luxury and comfort? Mercedes Benz speaks that language better than anyone else. They practically pioneered the luxury limo segment with the first S-Class, a car which is the benchmark in its class to this very day. Most of the technologies found on an S-Class eventually find their way into mainstream economy cars some 10 to 20 years later. The first S-Classes had cruise control, electric windows, heated seats, navigation, etc. All very common by today’s standards, but back then, most vehicles offered simple wind-up windows. Take a look at the new S-Class. It’s a spaceship on wheels, fitted with the latest advanced safety systems and the top of the line infotainment gadgets. It’s the most innovative, original modern-day luxury car on sale, paving the way of the future for most normal cars in the next 20 years or so.
Mercedes’ engines are known to be reliable and powerful, from their potent gasoline range to the torque but frugal CDI diesel lineups. If however, you desire more power, there’s always AMG, Mercedes’ mad and bonkers division in charge of the most ludicrous creations to wear a Mercedes badge. We’re not talking just twin-turbocharged engines with 500+ horsepower either. They specialize in creating the ultimate uber-saloons as Germans like to call them. Luxurious, fast cruise ships designed to tear down the Autobahn at 150+ mph with no fuss whatsoever. Because drive is sent to the rear wheels, they can be tail happy at a moment’s notice should the driver want to have a bit of fun.
It’s one thing for a car to be cheap, it’s an entirely different for it to offer great value. Yes, Mercedes’ models are slightly pricier than some of their rivals, but when you consider what you’re getting in return, the bang for buck factor is off the charts.
There are usually two types of car buyers in this world: those who stick with their favorite brand and those who go over all available options before making their purchase. Whether you’re the first or the second one, at one point or another, you’ve most probably considered to buy Audi. Audi cars are highly regarded as some of the most reliable, safe and practical vehicles on the road, with S and RS editions on offer as well if you want to go fast. There are many reasons, or should we say benefits, to choosing an Audi over other manufacturers, and we’ve included just a few in this article which will hopefully help your next purchase.
Whether you like the styling or not, you can’t deny they’re the latest in design language. Audi was one of the first manufacturers to use LED daytime running lights, in that by now traditional menacing sort of way. Every Audi, from the smallest A1 to the biggest A8, including the SUVs, offers something not present on any other rival model. Call it character if you will, an aura, a special presence. Audi has never been one to shy away from making drastic design changes, and we mean that in the best way possible. Their models are always up to date, leading their respective segments when it comes down to the styling. They’re somehow more fashionable than the rest of their bland looking German rivals.
If anyone’s ever had a chance to sit in a modern-day Audi, they’ll know what we’re talking about. It’s a feeling of luxury and quality, from the moment you step in one to the moment you get out. Everything about the cabin screams premium. The materials are high-end, even in the base trims, and the fit and finish is next to none. One of Audi’s strong points has always been their interiors, and they’re very much aware of that. If you’ve never been in one, we highly suggest you do before purchasing a vehicle. The Audi A4 in particular shines in this segment, outclassing both its Mercedes and BMW rivals.
State of the art technology and Audi are almost synonymous at this point. It’s an Audi, you expect it to have the latest, cutting-edge tech, and it does, but what you don’t expect is to find it in nearly every model and trim, regardless of price. From the sophisticated navigation to the intelligent infotainment system. Naturally, additional packages offering even more technology are available.
The words Quattro will forever be associated with Audi. The seven letters which changed the automotive world forever indicate two things today: an innovative four-wheel drive system Audi offers for its models, and a separate division of Audi in charge of the S and RS models, as well as the R8. Audi’s all-wheel drive is considered to be the best in the business, hence why Audis are so good in the snow. And don’t even get us started on the powerful engines, from the high-horsepower TSI units to the frugal and torquey TDIs.
This are some of the benefits to Buy Audi
Buying a vehicle is no easy task by any means. With so many different manufacturers, not to mention models, it can be a bit overwhelming. You want to make sure you’re getting the best car, as well as deal, possible. Quite often people talk about BMW being one of their first choices when it comes to cars. But just why is that? Well, here are a few compelling arguments supporting the claim for BMW Car.
It doesn’t matter if you’re after a smaller compact, a sedan or even an SUV. BMW makes some of the best vehicles in every respective segment, so picking the right BMW car is as easy as finding out what you want from your car. With the recent additions of the i3 and i8, you can even go full electric too.
The way a BMW drives is like nothing else on the road. Sure, you can compare it to its German rivals, but them head to head, and they stand no chance. Dynamically, BMW makes the greatest road cars in the world today. The front-engine rear-wheel drive platform gives most of their vehicles a near 50/50 weight distribution, giving neutral handling and predictable steering. Add sweet-sounding, powerful 4 and 6 cylinder engines into the mix and you have a real winner.
This goes without saying really: a BMW car is always one of the most luxurious cars in its segment. The thought, design and craftsmanship which go into each BMW cabin are simply on another level. The materials are top-notch, even on the base models, and the overall feel is that you’re driving a premium car. Couple that with a sporty feel thanks to aluminum or carbon fiber inserts and you get a really unique cabin, something few companies can match, let alone beat.
The technology found in most modern BMWs is amongst the most advanced currently on the market. A lot of the current features and gadgets found on nearly every car have been innovated and implemented in a BMW first. When it comes to high-end tech, BMW is king. The newest, latest pieces of hardware found on BMWs are expected to reach mainstream vehicles in a few years’ time, making them far ahead of their time.
If you judge a car based on its price alone, you’re not going to get very far. See, a BMW might not appear as good of a deal as some other, more affordable brands, but start comparing specs and you might be in for a surprise. A base BMW model is equipped with so much stuff that it can out-spec other manufacturers’ flagship models. And the sheer amount of optional extras BMW offers simply blows the competition out of the water. This just means that you can spec a car to your taste and liking, customizing it to perfection.
German vehicles are famous for their reliability, and BMW is at the top in this regard. The warranty, customer support and care they provide are unrivaled. And don’t think that this just applies to new cars too. A used BMW will be just as reliable as a new one because with proper maintenance, they will keep on going forever.
A lot of high-end, premium manufacturers struggle with depreciation. Their vehicles can lose as much as half of their value in the first few years. Not so with BMW. Because they’re in constant demand and have an amazing reputation of being virtually indestructible, BMWs will hold their price far better than other brands.
Brake Repair – The single most overlooked thing in car maintenance as well as car tuning is the brakes. Quite often people will spend thousands of dollars modifying their cars and doing major services but fail to check what is probably the most crucial thing on a car: its brakes. Not only do they have to operate at extreme conditions, but they have to do it all of the time. They can’t ever fail. Unlike the engine or the A/C which would render you too hot or the car undriveable, a brake failure could potentially be deadly. As such, you want to make sure your brakes are at their best at all times. Below you’ll find a few general tell-tale signs telling you that a component of the brakes is on its way out.
The easiest way to do a check on the brakes is to perform a quick visual inspection. Take a good look at the rotors as well as the pads. In most cases you can see the brake pads with a simple glimpse at them. Now, this isn’t really that accurate since you’re doing it by eye but as a general rule, there should be at least 1/4 inch of pad. Any less and you might want to get the pads replaced or checked to make sure they can withstand a couple more miles.
Listen To Your Brakes
The second way to tell that your pads need replacing is to simply listen to your brakes. If you hear a high-pitched noise when breaking it means that you need new brake pads as the old ones are on their last leg. If you failed to notice the high-pitched sound (or there wasn’t any), you might hear a harsh grinding sound. This is usually indicative of a completely shot (worn off) brake pad. In this case you’ll want to immediately replace the brake pads as all that’s stopping you at this point is a thin metal pad with no braking material.
If you notice your car pulling to either side of the road and it’s not the wheel balance or the steering system, it might be a stuck caliper. The caliper is designed to last the entire lifetime of the car but sometimes certain wear and tear or mechanical defects might make it stuck. In this case, the pad on that particular wheel will be touching the rotor constantly, causing the pulling we mentioned. If this happens, you’ll want to take it to a mechanic and get it sorted out. It’s usually a reasonably easy fix and doesn’t require a new rotor.
Lastly, you have the pedal feel. If you feel vibrations when braking, you might have a warped rotor on your hands. Likewise, if the pedal feel is inconsistent or goes to the floor, you’ll want to check the braking fluid. It could have air in it or the fluid might be just old and ineffective. A mushy pedal is one of the most dangerous things that can happen to you, especially in emergency braking. You want to sort it out as soon as possible.
Find A Good Mechanic
As always, you want to find a good mechanic (service center) to take your car to for a brake repair. Certifications from the AAA or ASE indicate that the shop is reputable. A shop which offers vague description of what’s wrong with the car or what’s been done to it is probably best avoiding. Once the brake repair has been done, you might want to ask for your old parts back just to make sure that they indeed carried out the work they said they did. And always, always, ask friends or read reviews on a certain shop before visiting it.